Fine-C Is A Guide For:

Question: What is FINE-C?

Answer: FINE C  is a guide for pre-start routine of an engine. It includes checking the Fuel, Ignition, ensuring the vehicle is in Neutral, verifying the Engine cut-off switch is off, and, if applicable, using the Choke and Clutch.

Question: What does ‘Fuel’ refer to in this context?

Answer: ‘Fuel’ in the FINE-C checklist means ensuring the fuel supply valve is turned on if the vehicle is equipped with one.

Question: What is meant by ‘Ignition’ in FINE-C?

Answer: In the FINE-C routine, ‘Ignition’ refers to turning the ignition switch to the ‘On’ position, which should activate some indicator lights.

Question: Can you explain ‘Neutral’ in the FINE-C checklist?

Answer: ‘Neutral’ in the FINE-C checklist means the vehicle should be in a neutral gear. This is usually indicated by a green light in the instrument cluster. When in neutral, the vehicle can move forward and backward without engaging the clutch lever and front brake lever.

Question: What does ‘Engine Cut OFF Switch’ entail in the FINE-C routine?

Answer: In the FINE-C routine, ‘Engine Cut OFF Switch’ involves positioning the switch to the Run/On state.

Question: Can you describe ‘Choke and Clutch’ in the FINE-C checklist?

Answer: The ‘Choke and Clutch’ step in the FINE-C checklist involves activating the choke (necessary for a cold engine, though not all motorcycles have one) and engaging the clutch lever by squeezing it in.

Question: What is the recommended process for turning?

Answer: The advised method for turning is encapsulated in the phrase “Slow Look Press Roll.”

Question: Could you explain the Cornering Strategy?

Answer: The Cornering Strategy is summarized by the sequence: Search-Setup-Smooth.

Question: T-CLOCS  refers to ?

Answer: T-CLOCS stands for a Pre Ride Inspection checklist that includes Tires and Wheels, Controls, Lights and Electrics, Oil and other Fluids, Chassis, and Stands.

Question: What does SEE represent?

Answer: SEE in this context stands for Search, Evaluate, and Execute, which are divided into two parts: ‘Search and Evaluate’ for the eyes-and-mind, and ‘Execute’ for the hands-and-feet actions.

Engine Starting Procedure:

Apply at least one brake.

Fully squeeze the clutch lever.

Press the starter button.

Avoid using the throttle when the choke is on, as this might flood the engine with too much fuel.

After the engine starts, gradually release the clutch lever, especially if you’re unsure whether the bike is in neutral.

Note: Some motorcycles won’t start if the side stand is extended, and others might start but will stall if you shift into gear with the stand down.

Engine Stopping Procedure

Use your right thumb to switch the engine cut-off switch to ‘Off’. Regular practice of this step is beneficial for emergencies.

Turn off the ignition switch.

If applicable, turn the fuel supply valve to the ‘Off’ position.

Remember this sequence as: Thumb, Key, Valve.

Proper use of the friction zone makes it easier to:

Understanding the clutch lever and friction zone is crucial for smooth starts and low-speed control. The friction zone is the range within the clutch lever’s movement that manages the connection between the engine and the rear wheel. Fully engaging the clutch lever (squeezing it in completely) cuts power to the rear wheel.

The accompanying video demonstrates how the clutch lever’s usage affects power transmission to the rear wheel. Notably, engaging the clutch lever disconnects power from the rear wheel.

In case of losing control, to stop the motorcycle, fully engage the clutch lever and apply the brakes as necessary.

Motorcycle Riding Posture

Maintaining a proper posture is key for effective motorcycle control. Ensure you:

Sit with a straight back, keeping your head and eyes raised.

Place your feet on the footrests, close to the controls.

Keep your knees and elbows tucked in a comfortable position.

Relax your arms, keeping them slightly bent.

Hold the throttle with your fingers, ensuring your wrist remains flat.

As a beginner, it’s beneficial to keep your left hand’s fingers over the clutch lever, ready to disengage power from the rear wheel and stop if needed.

Navigating Turns, Corners, and Curves

Balancing, akin to bicycling, is essential when riding a motorcycle. Effective steering involves mastering the handlebars. Given a motorcycle’s greater weight and power compared to a bicycle, honing your turning skills is crucial.

Whether it’s a turn, corner, or curve, altering your direction demands focused techniques.

Handling Turns, Corners, and Curves at Different Speeds

At very low speeds, such as a walking pace, change direction by leaning the motorcycle and steering the handlebars towards your intended path.

For higher-speed maneuvers, initiate a direction change by pressing the handgrip on the side you wish to turn towards. This technique, known as countersteering, involves initially moving the handlebars in the opposite direction of the turn.

Fundamentals of Motorcycle Turning

To master turning on a motorcycle, focus on these key elements:

Speed Control:

Ensure you have a manageable speed before entering the turn. This typically involves easing off the throttle and using brakes prior to the turn. Sometimes, shifting to a lower gear is necessary, done before starting the turn. The goal is to enter the turn at a speed that allows for steady or increasing speed throughout the turn.

Vision Strategy:

Always keep your eyes up and look through the turn. Assess the turn’s characteristics like its sharpness, length, and surface condition in advance. Keep your head turned in the direction of the turn to maintain a comprehensive visual field. Pay attention to both the immediate path and the area beyond the turn.

Handgrip Pressure for Lean Adjustment:

Use pressure on the handgrips to control the bike’s lean. To initiate a lean, press forward on the handgrip in the direction of the turn – press right to lean right and go right, press left to lean left and go left. Then, adjust your steering to stay on your intended path.

Throttle Management:

Use the throttle to maintain or gently increase your speed. Avoid abrupt changes in throttle application, which can disrupt the bike’s balance, affecting suspension, tire grip, and your trajectory through the curve.

Remembering these steps as “Slow, Look, Press, Roll” will guide you in executing smooth and safe turns.

Search-Setup-Smooth Cornering Strategy

Adopt the Search-Setup-Smooth approach for effective cornering:

Search: As you approach and navigate a turn, actively look for essential details about the turn and potential hazards.

Setup: Prepare for the turn by adjusting your speed and positioning as needed.

Smooth Operation: Ensure smooth control of the bike through the curve.

Fundamentals of Turning

At standard street speeds, lean with your motorcycle. For slower, tighter maneuvers like U-turns in a parking lot, practice counterweighting – allowing the bike to lean more than your body. This technique aids in achieving a tighter turn. Applying more pressure on the outside footrest also helps. Always turn your head in the direction you wish to go.

Braking Techniques

Slowing down doesn’t always necessitate the clutch lever. But for braking to a complete stop, ease off the throttle, engage the clutch and front brake levers, and press the rear brake pedal. When stopping, your left foot should make the first contact with the ground, allowing you to use the rear brake pedal until fully stopped.

Proper Stopping Method

Be in first gear before you come to a stop, and ensure the handlebars are squared for stability. Only release the clutch lever when you’re ready to move again.

Understanding Total Stopping Distance

The front brake is critical, providing over 70% of the motorcycle’s stopping power due to the weight shift pushing the front tire down. Normally, use both brakes together for stopping, but in some cases, either brake can be used independently. For regular, planned stops, full braking force isn’t necessary. However, it’s vital to get into the habit of using both brakes effectively, especially for sudden stops.

Practice making smooth, controlled stops to get a good feel for the brake controls. Applying too much pressure too quickly can lead to skidding or loss of control. Start with low speeds when practicing quick stops and gradually become more familiar with the brake controls.

Understanding FINE-C

FINE-C is primarily a guide for:

A. Checking personal safety gear

B. Inspecting the motorcycle

C. Preparing the engine for start-up

D. Shifting to a higher gear

Answer: C. Preparing the engine for start-up

The ‘C’ in fine c refers to Chain/Chassis.

A. True

B. False

Answer: B. False

Checking for Neutral

Besides seeing the neutral light on, a way to check for neutral is:

A. Turn off the ignition key

B. Rev the engine

C. Roll the motorcycle with the engine off and clutch lever released

D. Ensure the shift lever is fully up

Answer: C. Roll the motorcycle with the engine off and clutch lever released

Upon Starting the Engine

Avoid releasing the clutch lever immediately after starting the engine because:

A. The transmission oil isn’t warm

B. The motorcycle might be in gear

C. The engine isn’t warmed up

D. The choke needs checking

Answer: B. The motorcycle might be in gear

Basic Turning Technique

A formula for making basic turns is to

A. Brake, Roll, and Search

B. Slow, Look, Press, Roll

C. Squeeze, Ease, Roll, Press

D. Brake, Accelerate, Look

Answer: B. Slow, Look, Press, Roll

Clutch Lever Usage When Stopping

Keep the clutch lever fully engaged after stopping.

A. True

B. False

Answer: A. True

Squaring the Handlebars Before Stopping

Just before stopping, align the handlebars to ensure the motorcycle:

A. Doesn’t roll backward

B. Is easier to balance

C. Has better traction

D. Makes controls more accessible

Answer: B. Is easier to balance

The brakes are not used like an on/off switch because:
A. It affects engine RPM

B. The brake light may not activate

C. It can damage the brakes

D. It might lock the wheels

Answer: D. It might lock the wheels

Shifting to a Higher Gear

To shift into a higher gear:

A. Increase throttle, squeeze the clutch, press the gearshift lever, release the clutch

B. Squeeze the front brake, press the shift lever, increase throttle

C. Squeeze the clutch and reduce throttle, lift the gear shift lever, release the clutch and increase throttle

D. Apply both brakes, release the clutch, increase throttle

Answer: C. Squeeze the clutch and reduce throttle, lift the gear shift lever, release the clutch and increase throttle

Correct Riding Posture

Maintaining a flat right wrist is essential for good riding posture.

A. True

B. False

Answer: A. True

Similar Posts